Tamilnadu GK General Knowledge Quick Facts

Facts about Tamilnadu | Tamil GK – General knowledge

Tamilnadu is one of the 29 states of India. It is located at southernmost part of Indian Peninsula region.  Tamilnadu is bounded by the Bay of Bengal in the East, by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait on the southeast, Eastern Ghats on the north, by the Nilgiri, the Anamalai Hills, and Kerala on the west and by the Indian Ocean on the south.

Tamilnadu plays a significant role in Indian history, industrialization, economization, etc. In this article, we are going to explore about some quick factors about Tamilnadu GK – General Knowledge.

Name Factors
Formation of Tamil Nadu 26th Jan 1950,  Tamil Nadu is the eleventh largest state
Capital Chennai
Chief  Minister K . Palanisamy
Governor C.Vidhyasagar Rao
Districts 32
Official Language Tamil & English
Local Language Telugu , Kannadam, Malayalam
Bordered States Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh & Pondicherry( Puducherry)
Sex Ratio Male  / Female :  1000 / 995
Major regional festivals Pongal, Adi perukku, Karthigai, Kanthuri, Kavadi, Mahamagam
Major art forms Bharatanatyam, Kolattam, Karagattam, Chakkai Attam
Important tradition Jallikattu – Bull fight on the 2nd day of Pongal
Industry Cotton, commercial vehicles, safety matches, sugar, paper, cement
Minerals Bauxite & ferrous minerals, lime stone, gypsum
Agriculture Rice, sugar cane, cotton, coconut, cashew, tea, rubber, coffee
State animal Nilgiri tahr
State bird Emerald dove
State flower Glory lily
Important historical sites Rama Setu, Varaha cave temple, Samanar Malai, Ripon building, Armamalai cave, Tiruchirapalli Rock Fort, Descent of the Ganges in Mahabalipuram, The Nilgiri mountain railway
World Heritage Sites The Chola temples – Brihadisvara Temple at Thanjavur, Temple of Gangaikonda Cholapuram, Airavatesvara Temple at Darasuram, Group of monuments at Mahabalipuram
Unique ecological region Sholas – patches of stunted tropical
montane forests found in valleys
amid rolling grassland in the higher
montane regions of South India
Major Ramsar sites Point Calimere Wildlife
and Bird Sanctuary
Biodiversity hotspots The Western Ghats & Sri Lanka
Endemic bird areas The Western Ghats
Bird sanctuaries Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary,
Vedanthangal Bird Sanctuary,
Karikili Bird Sanctuary,
Karaivetti Bird Sanctuary,
Udhayamarthandapuram Bird Sanctuary,
Vaduvoor Bird Sanctuary,
Chitrangudi Bird Sanctuary,
Koonthankulam Bird Sanctuary,
Vellode Bird Sanctuary,
Melselvanur-Keelselvanur Bird Sanctuary,
Kanjirankulam Bird Sanctuary,
Vettangudi Bird Sanctuary
National parks Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary & National Park,
Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary & National Park,
Mukurthi National Park, Guindy National Park,
Biosphere reserve Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park
Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park,
Nilgiris Biosphere Reserve,
Agasthiyarmalai Biosphere Reserve
Wildlife sanctuaries Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary & National Park,
Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary & National Park,
Point Calimere Wildlife Sanctuary,
Srivilliputhur Grizzled Squirrel Wildlife Sanctuary,
Vallanadu Black Buck Sanctuary,
Kanyakumari Wildlife Sanctuary,
Kalakad Sanctuary, Mundanthurai Sanctuary,
Cauvery North Sanctuary,
Gangaikondan Sanctuary,
Kodaikanal Sanctuary, Point Calimere Sanctuary
Tiger reserve Kalakad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve,
Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary & National Park,
Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary & National Park,
Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve

State Symbol of Tamil Nadu:

  • Government Seal: Srivilliputhur Andal temple
  • Language: Tamil
  • Animal: Nilgiri tahr
  • Bird: Emerald dove
  • Flower: Gloriosa lily
  • Tree: Palm tree
  • Fruit: Jackfruit Artocarpus heterophyllus
  • Song: Invocation to Tamil Mother
  • Sport: Kabaddi
  • Dance: Bharata Natyam

Tamilnadu Districts & Headquarters

Chief Ministers in Tamilnadu

Heritage Sites

TamilNadu Budget 2018-2019 Highlights:

Historical Facts about Tamil Nadu:

  • Sangam Period is the glorious pride and rich cultural heritage of ancient south India spanning the present region of Tamil Nadu and parts of Kerala, Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. Sangam period corresponds to 3rd century BC to 3rd century AD.
  • The literature works developed in the Sangam Period is called as <strong>Sangam Literature Sangam literature is considered as set of thousands of poems developed by hundreds of contemporary poets many of whom are still unknown
  • Ancient Tamil history is marked by the kingdoms of Chera, Chola and Pandya. Sangam literature is known to flourish under the patronage of these kingdoms.
  • The medieval period of Tamil Nadu is marked by Pallav Dynasty under Mahendravarmanwho ruled Tamil Nadu with Kanchipuram as their capital from 4th to 8th century. Pallavs were later replaced by Chola dynasty in 9th century. Chola dynasty was in-turn replaced by Pandyan dynasty in 13th century.
  • The last phase of medieval Tamil history witnessed the rising of a rich, powerful and extremely prosperous hindu empire called Vijaynagar empire (1336-1646) established by Harihar and Bukka Rai.
  • Vijaynagar kingdom ruled with a glorious heritage for two centuries and is also called as the richest empire ever of Indian history. Vijaynagar kingdom came to end after defeat from Deccan sultanates in Battle of Talikota in 1565.
  • During British period Tamil Nadu was called as Madras presidency.
  • After Indian independence Madras presidency was renamed as Madras state. Madras state comprised of the present areas of Tamil Nadu including parts of karnataka, kerala and coastal Andhra.
  • After State Reorganization Act of 1956, many regions of Madras state were separated out. Tamil Nadu state eventually came to existence on 14 Jan 1969.
  • The legislative council was abolished in 1986 and Tamil Nadu became unicameral state.

Economic Factors about Tamil Nadu:

  • Tamil Nadu holds sixth ranks in terms of Human Development Index among all Indian states.
  • With GDP figures of Rs 9,76,703 crores, Tamil Nadu holds the second rank among all Indian states. (as per GDP figures of year 2014-15).
  • Tamil Nadu produces 60 % of match sticks and 77 % of finished rubber.
  • Major ports of this state are Madras and Tuticorin.
  • Mineral Resources of Tamil Nadu: Lignite, limestone, magnesite, mica, quartz, felspar, bauxite, gypsum
  • Main Agriculture products: Rice, maize, jowar, bajra, ragi, pulses, sugarcane, oilseed, cotton, chillies, coffee, tea, rubber, cardamom.
  • This state is largest producer of banana, turmeric, tapioca and second largest producer of mango, coconut, ground nut.

Information Source: Wikipedia

General knowledge & current affairs Gk-2017

Q1.When was Tamil Nadu established?
Ans-26 January 1950.

Q2- What is the capital of Tamil Nadu?

Q3.Largest city of Tamil Nadu?

Q4. How many Districts in Tamil Nadu?

Q5. Who is the Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu?
Ans-K. Palaniswami.

Q6. Who is the Governor of Tamil Nadu?
Ans- C. Vidyasagar Rao.

Q7-.What is the official language of Tamil Nadu State?

Q8.which State is West of Tamil Nadu?

Q9.which State is North of Tamil Nadu?
Ans- Andra Pradseh.

Q10. Which State is Northwest of Tamil Nadu?

Q11. Who was the first Chief Minister in Tamil Nadu?
Ans- A. Subbarayalu Reddiar.

Q12. What is the state Animal of Tamil Nadu?
Ans-Nilgiri tahr.

Q13. What is the state bird of Tamil Nadu?
Ans-Emerald dove.

Q14. What is the state flower of Tamil Nadu?
Ans-Gloriosa lily.

Q15.What is the state Tree of Tamil Nadu?
Ans-Palm tree.

Q16. What is the state Dance of Tamil Nadu.

Q17.Sport of the State ?

Q18.Song of the State?
Ans-“Invocation to Goddess Tamil”.

Q19.Total area of the state?
Ans-130,060 km2 (50,220 sq mi).

Q20.Area rank of the state?

Q21.Tamil Nadu literally ______.
Ans-The Land of Tamils’ or ‘Tamil Country’.

Q22.Tamil Nadu is the______largest state in India by area.

Q23.Tamilnadu Capital City Chennai is formerly known as?

Q24.Which ocean is to the south of the State?

Q25.How many number of International Airport’s in Tamilnadu ?

Q26.Which is the highest point in Tamil Nadu?
Ans-Doda Betta.

Q27.Total number of Loksabha Constituencies in Tamilnadu?

Q28.In which year, name Chennai from Madras was officially changed?

Q29.Old nane of Madurai city?
Ans- Koodal.

Q30.Which City is largest Knitwear exporter?

Q31.In which year, Madras State was renamed as Tamilnadu?
Ans- 1969.

Q32.Whose nickname is “Mango of Salem” ?
Ans-C Raja gopalachari.

Q33.Who is the founder of AIADMK?
ans-M G Ramachandran.

Q34.In Which year All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) party is founded?

Q35.Which strait separates Tamil Nadu from Sri Lanka?

Q36.Which is the southernmost point of Tamil Nadu?
Ans-Cape Comorin.

Q37.What is the Nature of Tamil Nadu Legislature ?
Ans- Unicameral.

Q38.Which Temple has the longest corridor in India___.

Q39.Tamil Nadu is a majorproducer of___

Q40.Udayagiri Fort is Located in____.